1) There’s a system for turning Palestinian property into Israel’s state land
By Akiva Eldar, Haaretz
2) Bilin: Illegal outpost may become school
By Ali Waked, Ynet
3) Bil’in demonstrators return to outpost
By Erik Schechter, Jerusalem Post
4) Palestinians, left-wing activists rebuild ‘outpost’ in village of Bil’in
By Jonathan Lis and Meron Rappaport, Haaretz Correspondents
1) There’s a system for turning Palestinian property into Israel’s state land
By Akiva Eldar, Haaretz
Ehud Barak likes to compare the State of Israel to a villa in a jungle. It would be interesting to know whether he means that the areas of the settlements in the territories are a legal veranda of the villa or part of the jungle.
Right under the noses, in the best case, of prime ministers, chiefs of staff and GOCs of the Central Command, who are responsible for “Judea and Samaria” (the West Bank), among them Barak himself, the State of Israel has imposed the law of the jungle on those territories. The Civil Administration, with the blessing of the State Prosecutor’s Office, has been a key partner in a system of real estate deals, of which the description “dubious” would be complimentary.
Building companies owned and managed by settler leaders and land dealers acquire lands from Palestinian crooks and transfer them to the Custodian of Government Property in the Israel Lands Administration. The custodian “converts” the lands to “state lands,” leases them back to settler associations that then sell them to building companies. In this way it has been ensured that the Palestinians (under the law in the territories, the onus of proof is on them) will never demand their lands back.
A year and a half ago, when this became known to him, Brigadier General Ilan Paz, then the commander of the Judea and Samaria district, issued a written order to shut down the lands laundry. He reasoned that even if this was legally correct, it smelled bad. These lands have already served for the establishment of dozens of Jewish settlements and others are awaiting purchasers. Some of these lands, for example the lands of the village of Bil’in – now known thanks to the determined struggle against the separation fence – are adjacent to the 1967 border. The Defense Ministry has seen to it that the route of the fence will “annex” them to the “Israeli” side and the entrepreneurs are hastening to establish facts in concrete.
Two weeks ago it was first published here that adjacent to Bil’in, in the Jewish settlement of Matityahu East, a new neighborhood of Upper Modi’in, hundreds of apartments are going up without a permit. The lawyer for the inhabitants of Bil’in, attorney Michael Sfard, sent the State Prosecutor’s Office a copy of a letter that Gilad Rogel, the lawyer for the Upper Modi’in local council, wrote to the council’s engineer. Rogel warned that entrepreneurs are building “entire buildings without a permit, and all this with your full knowledge and with planning and legal irresponsibility that I cannot find words to describe.”
In a report that he sent to the Interior Ministry, the council’s internal comptroller, Shmuel Heisler, wrote that the construction in the new project was being carried out contrary to the approved urban construction plan and deviates from it “extensively.”
The Justice Ministry has confirmed that “apparently illegal construction is underway in the jurisdiction of the locale Upper Modi’in, and that the Civil Administration in the area of Judea and Samaria has been asked to send its statement on the matter.”
The Civil Administration spokesman has said that “in light of the fact that at this stage, too, construction work is being carried out there, it is the intention of the head of the Civil Administration to examine as soon as possible the legal means of enforcement at his disposal, in order to bring about the stoppage of the building that is being carried out in this area.”
On the ground, the work is proceeding as usual. Documents in the possession of Haaretz show that building violations are just the very tip of an affair that is many times more serious. The first document is a sworn statement by attorney Moshe Glick, the lawyer for a settlers’ association called The Society of the Foundation of the Land of Israel Midrasha, Ltd.” On June 16, 2002, Glick declared to attorney Doron Nir Zvi: “I hereby submit this sworn statement in the place of the mukhtar [headman] of Bil’in. To the best of my knowledge, Mr. Muhammad `Ali Abed al Rahman Bournat is the owner of the plot known as Bloc 2 Plot 134 in the village of Bil’in.”
Never set foot
On November 16, 2003, Glick signed another sworn statement. The new statement was aimed at explaining the strange phenomenon of an Israeli attorney swearing under oath, a procedure that is parallel to sworn testimony in a court, in the place of the mukhtar of an Arab village. From the new statement it emerges that Glick has never set foot on the lands to which his statement relates. “This sworn statement comes in place of a statement by the mukhtar of the village of Bil’in, as because of the security situation there is a real danger to the life of any Jew who tries to enter the village of Bil’in (and needless to say when it is a matter of the issue of the purchase of land). Moreover, there is a prohibition by the authorities that forbids citizens of Israel to enter Areas A and B.”
The spokesman of the Civil Administration confirmed yesterday that the village of Bil’in
is located in Area B, which is under Israel’s full security control, and that Israeli citizens are allowed to visit there.
On the same day that Glick signed the sworn statement, the well-known land dealer Shmuel Anav appeared before him and also signed a sworn statement pertaining to that same plot. Anav, too, explained that the reasons it was impossible to bring an authorization by the mukhtar are the “security situation” and the prohibition on entering areas A and B.
In the section for “detailing the evidence” on which the Land of Israel Midrasha Foundation is basing its demand to register the plot in its name, Anav declared that “the owner sold it to his son and the son sold it to the Society of the Foundation.” The owner died several years ago. His son, Sami, who according to inhabitants of Bil’in forged their signatures, was murdered in Ramallah at the beginning of 2005. Had the police taken the claim of the Bil’in inhabitants seriously and examined the propriety of the sworn statements given in their mukhtar’s name, with a dubious security excuse, the police would have found that the name of Anav has been linked to land deals that have turned out to be land theft.
He starred in the affair of Nebi Samuel, the neighborhood that hit the headlines 10 years ago during former minister Aryeh Deri’s trial. Plia Albeck, for years was the director of the civil department at the Justice Ministry, testified that a building company owned by settlers called Moreshet Binyamin had purchased from Anav 200 dunams of the land in the area of northern Jerusalem, and that he had purchased them from an Arab named Shehada Barakat, who testified that he owned the lands – but it turned out that he had sold lands that belonged to his relatives. Three years earlier Anav was convicted of soliciting donations from land dealers for the Likud’s election campaign, “with the condition and expectation that in return the donors would receive benefits.”
The Justice Ministry has responded that “property will be considered government property as long as the opposite has not been proven. Hence, it is possible to declare that privately owned land is government property, only if the owners of the land have asked the Custodian of Government Property to manage the property.”
Michael Ben Yair, who was the attorney general in Yitzhak Rabin’s government, has told Haaretz that he never approved turning private lands into government lands, and that this is the first time he has heard of this procedure.
Attorney Talia Sasson was also surprised to hear that the Civil Administration has served as the settlers’ land laundry. This is not to say that the author of the report on the illegal outposts does not know that the Civil Administration serves the settlement project in the territories. In a lecture at University of Haifa, which dealt with the non-implementation of the recommendations of the outposts report (the chairman of the committee for implementing the recommendations, Justice Minister Tzipi Livni, has not yet found time to submit its recommendations to the government), Sasson related yesterday to the contribution of the Israel Defense Forces and the Civil Administration in particular to the establishment of the settlements in the territories.
“The Civil Administration was established because under the international law that applies in the territories, the commander of the area is obligated to take care of the `protected’ population in the area, that is to say the Palestinians who were there when the IDF entered the territory,” the attorney explained. “Over the years the Civil Administration became the main body that dealt with all the matters of the Israeli settlement in the territories, not mainly the Palestinians, but in fact the Israelis,” she said. It allocates lands to settlers, declares lands to be state lands, approves the connecting of water and electricity to the settlements and more.
Sasson said: “In effect, it is the Civil Administration that enables in practice the acts of the Israeli settlement in the territories.”
Sasson emphasized that the Civil Administration is subordinate to the IDF – on the one hand to the GOC and on the other to the Coordinator of Activities in the Territories, who wears a uniform. “It emerges that the body by means of which the governments have been acting over the years concerning the implementation of settlements is a body that is subordinate to and run by the IDF (and at its head is a brigadier general). This mingling of the IDF and the settlement project is a bad and damaging mingling.”
All according to a master plan
In the process of preparing a new report that deals with the expansion of settlements under cover of the separation fence, researchers from B’Tselem, The Israeli Information Center for Human Rights in the Occupied Territories, and from Bimkom, Planners for Planning Rights were able to lay their hands on the map of “The Master Plan of the Upper Modi’in Area” for the year 2020. The map confirms that it is not only security issues that interested the planners of the route of the fence in the area of the battles for Bil’in. They were so hungry they “forgot” that security needs make it essential to keep a suitable distance between the fence and the nearest Jewish locale. It turns out that in addition to the usual master plans, at the initiative of the Construction and Housing Ministry and in cooperation with the planning bureau of the Civil Administration, in 1998 the Upper Modi’in local council and the Matteh Binyamin regional council drew up a master plan for the whole bloc. The plan does not have statutory validity, but it is a guiding document in the framework of which the planning policy is determined for a given area, and in the light of which the master plans are formulated. The report points out that under the master plan about 600 dunam adjacent to the plan for Matityahu East, which are owned by families from the village of Bil’in, are slated for the construction of 1,200 new housing units. Less than two months ago inhabitants of Bil’in discovered that a new road had been cut through from the Matityahu East neighborhood to a large grove of olive trees that is located in the area.
The village council filed a complaint with the Shai (Samaria-Judea) police about the uprooting of about 100 trees and their theft. The cutting through of the road reinforces the suspicion that under cover of the fence, there is a plan for a takeover of the land adjacent to the East Matityahu neighborhood, which is already in the process of construction.
Similarly, cultivated lands owned by the villagers of Dir Qadis and Ni’alin on an area of about 1,000 dunams, adjacent to the plan for Matityahu North C, have been added in the framework of the master plan to the plan for the neighborhood.
The authors of the report note that the master plan for Upper Modi’in arouses a strong suspicion that one of the covert aims of the fence is to cause Palestinian inhabitants to stop cultivating lands that are intended for the expansion of the Jewish settlements, to enable the declaration of them as state lands. Hence, as described above, the way to the building companies is very short.
2.Bilin: Illegal outpost may become school
By Ali Waked
Ynet, December 26, 2005
Leftwing activists and Palestinians have plans to set up a makeshift school on lands Israel plans to expropriate from the village of Bilin to construct the security fence; school to teach Palestinians `citizenship` After lighting Hanukkah candles Sunday evening for the “liberation from the occupation” near the West Bank village of Bilin, leftwing activists and Palestinians built a small structure Monday near a caravan along the security fence.
Last week the IDF evacuated an outpost set up by activists on land Israel plans to expropriate from villages to construct the fence and expand the Modiin Elit settlement.
The evacuation lasted two hours as tens of activists and Palestinians huddled near the caravan and confronted security forces.
The permanent structure offers a glimpse of future plans to set up a youth center and a makeshift school to hold lessons about citizenship in Arabic.
The Civil Administration has given activists a deadline to present construction permits by January 5, threatening to demolish the structure should the activists fail to prove
its legality. Security forces suspect activists will use the time limit to prepare for another confrontation with security forces, seek legal advice, and construct more buildings.
Activist Yonatan Pollak said the building was set up to prove Israel’s discriminating construction policy. “The land of the villagers has been expropriated to expand the illegal settlement of Modiin Elit. Authorities are not lifting a finger to stop the expansion which is taking place at the expense of land belonging to Bilin,” Pollak said. “The caravan is a statement that the state of Israel is an apartheid state. The settlers are allowed to build illegally and the Palestinians who are requesting to build legally are being forbidden from doing so, and are evacuated by force,” Pollak added.
On Sunday Palestinians and activists lit Hanukkah candles to celebrate the Jewish festival which they said commemorates the end of foreign occupation. “The building on liberated Palestinian land is a statement against imperialism,” activists said.
3. Bil’in demonstrators return to outpost
By Erik Schechter, Jerusalem Post
December 25, 2005
A group of 22 Israeli and Palestinian demonstrators lit Hannuka candles Sunday night at an illegal caravan erected for a second time near the West Bank settlement of Modi’in Elite.
The lighting of the first candle at this spot, said Yossi Bartal, an activist from Anarchists against the Wall, represented “the fight for freedom from occupation.”
The group’s choice in symbols was a provocative one given that the Maccabean revolt that Hannukah commemorates broke out in ancient Judean town of Modi’in. Likewise, the caravan was located adjacent to the new neighborhood of East Mattityahu, named after the rebellion’s famed patriarch priest. But protesters contended that the victims nowadays were the Palestinian residents of the village of Bil’in, a half a kilometer away. The route of the security fence blocks villagers from their farm land and protects ever-expanding settlements, they said.
“The barrier cuts off Bil’in from one-half to two-thirds of its agricultural land and is meant to protect the settlements of Kiryat Sefer and Modi’in Elite,” said Rabbi Arik Ascherman. Ascherman, who heads Rabbis for Human Rights, a left-wing association that has also trumpeted the cause of Bil’in, said that the caravan was illegal – but so were the new settlement neighborhoods. Both were set up without government permits, he said.
Last Thursday, about 50 activists barricaded themselves in a similar outpost at the same location, but soldiers removed the caravan, and police briefly detained seven demonstrators.
The expansion in the East Mattityahu neighborhood went unhindered. “The quick evacuation of the first outpost, within 24 hours of it being set up, exposes the blatant policies of Apartheid and selective enforcement going on in the Occupied Territories,” said Yonatan Pollack, another anarchist.
Pollack promised that Sunday’s caravan “will become the foundation stone for a West Bil’in.”
At the last outpost demonstration, soldiers fired tear gas to keep additional protesters from reaching the caravan, but this time around, a police and IDF jeep passed by without responding.
Military sources said the outpost, like the last one, “would be removed by the police and the IDF Civil Administration.”
4. Palestinians, left-wing activists rebuild ‘outpost’ in village of Bil’in
By Jonathan Lis and Meron Rappaport, Haaretz Correspondents
Palestinian residents of the West Bank town of Bil’in, along with left-wing activists, have rebuilt an “outpost” Sunday two days after the Israel Defense Forces removed the container from the identical spot west of the separation fence route near the settlement of Upper Modi’in.
The caravan was situated on land adjacent to the Matityahu East neighborhood of Upper Modi’in, where 750 housing units have been built illegally. The mobile home, which arrived yesterday from inside Israel, is standing approximately 100 meters away from the Matityahu East construction site.
Last week, the Palestinians erected the outpost as part of their plan to establish a “center for the joint struggle for peace.” They even brought cement to the site, adding that they intend to build “the western neighborhood of Bil’in.”
The separation fence cuts off village residents from approximately half of their lands. The placement of the caravan is meant to serve as a protest against the fence and against illegal settlement construction.
Bil’in has become the symbol of the struggle against the separation fence, serving as the site of dozens of joint Palestinian-Israeli demonstrations in the past year. Some of the demonstrations have ended in violent clashes with security forces.
An IDF spokesperson that the army evacuated the container because it was placed in a closed military zone and that “it is forbidden to transport caravans” in the territories.
“Private Palestinian land is in question here, not state land. The village council approved setting up a caravan and thus this is a legal structure,” Attorney Michael Sfard, who represents the Bil’in residents, said last week.
“This will be blatant proof of the fact that there is selective law enforcement if they deal with the poor caravan before the hundreds of housing units built illegally in Upper Modi’in,” he added.
Sfard submitted a letter in the name of Peace Now to the Civil Administration demanding a halt to the construction within a week. At the end of this time, Sfard wrote in the letter, he will turn to the Supreme Court.
“After what happened today in Bil’in, there is no reason that the state should defend its decision to continue the construction” in Matitiyahu, Sfard said.
“Now the truth is out, and the truth is that Jews are allowed to break the law and Palestinians are not.
“This,” Sfard continued, “is called apartheid.”